A common fire protection system is a smoke detector and a sprinkler. If a fire sparks, smoke sets off the detector causing the sprinkler system to activate. The water protects against the spread of fire.
Which one is the fire active protection system?
Active fire protection systems include hoses, water spray, deluge, sprinklers, firewater monitors, and steam rings around flanges. In most cases the principal firefighting medium is water. However, other agents such as carbon dioxide can also be used.
What are the two main types of fire protection systems?
Fire-protection systems fall into two main categories — passive fire protection and active fire protection. Passive fire protection involves the use of building components to control or limit a fire. Walls, floors, and ceilings can be designed and constructed to resist the passage of fire and smoke.
What are the 4 goals of fire protection?
Four goals: (a) prevent fire from starting, (b) prevent loss of life in case fire does start, (c) confine fire to its origin, and (d) extinguish fire.
How are fire classified?
Fires can be classified in five different ways depending on the agent that fuels them: Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, and Class K. Each type of fire involves different flammable materials and requires a special approach. … In most cases, knowing which type of fire extinguisher to use is crucial.
What is the best defense against fire?
As always, the best defense against a fire is to be prepared. Take a moment to look at your fire extinguisher.
What are the three techniques used to fight fires?
The following are the basic firefighting techniques that exist:
- Direct Attack Technique. This must be the most well-known technique for firefighting. …
- Indirect Attack Technique. …
- The Combination Attack Technique. …
- Fog Attack Technique. …
- The “Two Lines In” Technique.
What are the 5 stages of fire safety risk assessment?
Fire risk assessments
- Identify the fire hazards.
- Identify people at risk.
- Evaluate, remove or reduce the risks.
- Record your findings, prepare an emergency plan and provide training.
- Review and update the fire risk assessment regularly.
What is an active method of fire prevention?
Active fire protection requires action to be taken to detect and alert, stop or contain a fire. This may involve a person taking a manual action, such as using a portable fire extinguisher. On the other hand, this may be a smoke detector that triggers an alarm or automatic sprinkler.