Firefighters control a fire’s spread (or put it out) by removing one of the three ingredients fire needs to burn: heat, oxygen, or fuel. They remove heat by applying water or fire retardant on the ground (using pumps or special wildland fire engines) or by air (using helicopters/airplanes).
Can you stop a forest fire with another fire?
Fire can be used to fight forest fires, albeit with a certain amount of risk. A controlled burn of a strip of forest will create a barrier to an oncoming forest fire as it will use up all the available fuel.
What are the three techniques used to fight fires?
The following are the basic firefighting techniques that exist:
- Direct Attack Technique. This must be the most well-known technique for firefighting. …
- Indirect Attack Technique. …
- The Combination Attack Technique. …
- Fog Attack Technique. …
- The “Two Lines In” Technique.
How can we prevent forest fires naturally?
Forest Fire Prevention Tips
- Obey local laws regarding open fires, including campfires;
- Keep all flammable objects away from fire;
- Have firefighting tools nearby and handy;
- Carefully dispose of hot charcoal;
- Drown all fires;
- Carefully extinguish smoking materials.
How do you fight fire?
In order to fight a fire, you must take out any one of the fire elements. The most common method is to use water to put out the fire. The water takes away heat by cooling the fire. Water also smothers the fire, taking away oxygen.
What do helicopters drop on fires?
Fire Retardant is a slurry mix consisting of a chemical salt compound, water, clay or a gum- thickening agent, and a coloring agent. The retardant is used to slow or retard the spread of a fire.
What are the two golden rules when fighting a fire?
When considering whether to tackle a small fire yourself if you discover one, always bear in mind the golden rule of fire safety; If in doubt, get out, stay out and call the Fire Brigade immediately.
What is starvation in fire safety?
Starvation is the process of depriving the fire of fuel, i.e. combustible materials. … Smothering is the process of depriving the fire of the oxygen needed to sustain the combustion process.