The basic methods for extinguishing a fire are to suffocate it by ensuring that it cannot have access to oxygen, to cool it with a liquid such as water which reduces the heat or finally to remove the fuel or oxygen source, effectively removing one of the three elements of fire.
What are the principles of extinguishing a fire?
Fire extinguishing works on the principle of cutting off the supply of oxygen to the fire and bringing down the temperature.
What are the principles of fire?
Thus, there are three conditions essential for fire: fuel, oxygen, and heat (or ignition source). These three conditions are often represented as the fire triangle. If one of these conditions is missing, fire does not occur; and if one of them is removed, fire is extinguished.
What is a 2 a fire extinguisher?
Here’s how it works: The Class A size rating represents the water equivalency. Each number represents 1 ¼ gallons of water. For instance, 2A means the extinguisher is just as effective as 2 ½ gallons of water.
What are the 10 phases of fire operation?
A welltrained fire fighter knows that there are many phases in a structural fire fighting operation, including rescue, exposure protection, attack, ventilation, confinement, extinguishment, salvage and overhaul.
What are the 4 main principles of fire safety?
Over time we have learned fundamental fire safety principles for preventing fire events and managing their impact (i.e. the Common Principles: Prevention, Detection and Communication, Occupant Protection, Containment and Extinguishment) that can be consistently applied internationally.
What are the 4 types of fire extinguishers?
There are four classes of fire extinguishers – A, B, C and D – and each class can put out a different type of fire. Multipurpose extinguishers can be used on different types of fires and will be labeled with more than one class, like A-B, B-C or A-B-C.
What is starving of fire?
Starvation is the process of depriving the fire of fuel, i.e. combustible materials. Cooling is depriving the fire of heat, e.g. by applying a substance such as water that will absorb heat from the fire and reduce the temperature below the critical level needed to sustain the fire.