What are standard fire orders?
Keep informed on fire weather conditions and forecasts. Know what your fire is doing at all times. Base all actions on current and expected behavior of the fire. Identify escape routes and safety zones, and make them known.
Where did the 10 standard fire orders come from?
The original 10 Standard Firefighting Orders were developed in 1957 by a task force commissioned by USDA Forest Service Chief Richard E. McArdle. The task force reviewed the records of 16 tragedy fires that occurred between 1937 and 1956.
What are the four groupings within the ten standard firefighting orders?
View the 10 and 18 Poster, PMS 110-18. The orders are arranged according to their importance and grouped in a logical sequence: fire behavior, fireline safety, and organizational control.
Which would make the best safety zone?
How do you identify a good safety zone? Consider the distance from the escaped fire as well as topography, winds, fire behavior, and fuels in the area. The best locations are usually in the black, have with a minimum of, or are devoid of, ground/aerial vegetation, or are large bodies of water.
What does the E in Lces stand for?
‘LCES’ stands for Lookouts-Communications-Escape routes-Safety zones. The elements of LCES form a safety system used by wildland firefighters to protect themselves from entrapment from free-burning wildfires and other fireline hazards.
What is a standard in firefighting?
This standard identifies the minimum job performance requirements (JPRs) for career and volunteer fire fighters whose duties are primarily structural in nature.
What are the four components of Lces?
LCES stands for lookout(s), communication(s), escape routes and safety zone(s).
What is the most common type of wildland fire?
What is the most common type of wildland fire? Ground cover: fires that burn loose debris on the surface of the ground. This debris includes vegetation such as grass, as well as dead leaves, needles, and branches that have fallen from shrubs and trees.